how to make red phosphorus

Although the reactions of red and white phosphorus are generally the same, most reactions are carried out using the red allotrope given that it is much safer to handle. Extracting Red Phosphorus From Fertilizer Breeding cattle 1.0 to 3.0 lbs of feed per head per day; Mineral and vitamin content of natural ingredients and particularly best time to apply lawn fertilizer before or after rain forages is Reduce Polluted Runoff. Make Red Phosphorus. It is a hard crystalline solid that is insoluble in water and carbon disulphide. Move the immersed white phosphorus from the airlock into the airtight container. Since phosphorus is the nutrient in short supply in most fresh waters, even a modest increase in phosphorus can, under the right conditions set off a chain of undesirable events in a stream, including accelerated plant growth, algae blooms, low dissolved oxygen, and the death of certain fish, invertebrates, and other aquatic animals. Do not attempt to make white phosphorus. A yellow or white waxy substance will collect in the bottom of your water beaker. Phosphorous was invented by accident by alchemist Hennig Brandt In 1669, while trying to make a philosopher's stone (a mythical substance which could turn base metal into gold). phosphorus: (a) white phosphorus tetrahedron; (b) red phosphorus chain in the white allotropic form and is insoluble in water as well as in organic solvents. Its greater stability (and insolubility) is explained by the necessity of breaking polymeric phosphorus bonds prior to the formation of new ones [8]. You can also get phosphorus by eating quinoa and amaranth. When isolated and pure, phosphorus is clear and almost transparent. The kidneys release excess phosphorus into the urine, which is why urine is such a good source of it. In 1680, chemist Robert Boyle improved on Brand's process by adding sand (silicon dioxide) to the second reaction to liberate all the phosphorus from the sodium pyrophosphate. Warning: White Phosphorus is highly toxic and extremely flammable. Phosphorus Food Guide Vegetables Low phosphorus 100 mg or less per serving Vegetables Serving size Phosphorus (mg) Asparagus 4 spears 32 Beans, green/yellow snap ½ cup 21 Beets (canned) ½ cup 33 Broccoli ½ cup 29 Cabbage (green or red) ½ cup8 Carrots ½ cup 24 Cauliflower ½ cup 22 Celery ½ cup 15 Corn, kernel ½ cup 69 Corn, creamed in can ½ cup 66 Cucumber (without skin) ½ cup 11 If it won't loosen up then put the bottle in boiling water for 5 minutes. Odor & Odor Threshold: Not applicable. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. Science Fair Project Ideas for Kids, Middle & High School Students. Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Another method used since the late 1700s produces phosphorus from bone ash or rocks. Chris Deziel holds a Bachelor's degree in physics and a Master's degree in Humanities, He has taught science, math and English at the university level, both in his native Canada and in Japan. Add half as much I 2 to it and shake it up. It’s okay to use on war, but banned if it is … In this form, phosphorus is so unstable that it has to be kept underwater to prevent it from bursting into flames. The friction from rubbing fingertips produces smoke, but … $\begingroup$ I wouldn't recommend doing this because this is not a safe and efficient method, but in theory one can mix sand and charcoal powder/grains, then soak the mixture with phosphoric acid in a can, and then heat it up in an oven. Even though the HI/red P ephedrine red… The fact that you can obtain phosphorus from urine suggests that the human body needs a certain amount of phosphorus. The white phosphorus has to be heated to produce red phosphorus. Lay wood only a foot high so that you still have a foot of trench above it. In World War I, Phosphorus bomb are widely used. Prefiring Red Phosphorus. When the entire sample of phosphorus turns from a white color to a deep red, the process is complete. This is phosphorous. All three allotropes of phosphorus have the same chemical composition: P4. Bat guano is also rich in phosphorus and makes a good fertilizer. Why would anyone need red phosphorus? Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Other high-protein foods, such as beans, lentils and peas, are also good sources. His writing covers science, math and home improvement and design, as well as religion and the oriental healing arts. You can use scraps saved from your kitchen table so that you have one less thing going to waste. It's easy to spot phosphorus on the periodic table just under nitrogen (N) at position number fifteen. Seafood is also rich in phosphorus. 1 condenser, I reccomend a coil condenser but a liebig will suffice! Hey guys, today we are getting a little bit of Red P by scraping it off of matchboxes. Both processes yield white phosphorus, which can be converted to red phosphorus. The determined experimenter could obtain a pile of red phosphorus by scraping off the striking pads of matchbooks with a sharp knife. The third main allotrope is black phosphorus, which is even more stable than red phosphorus but not as useful. There are four common forms of phosphorous used today: white, black, red, and violet. The ingredients include Cottonseed meal lime blood meal bone meal fish emulsion Peter’s 20-20-20 Superthrive and Elmer’s Glue. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." News : Make your fingers smoke. But calcium needs phosphorus to make your teeth and bones strong. Brand was searching for the philosopher's stone, which was a way to refine gold from base metals. Allow the vapors from the urine mixture to bubble through the plain water. Smoking fingers is a basic magic trick, but it still gets a wow up-close, especially if your audience is barside and slightly inebriated. The process isn't that difficult, although it involves letting a container of urine stand for a week or more, so it's distasteful. During this … The "brown stuff" is the red phosphorus and glass powder. Red phosphorous is used to make the striking area on a box of safety matches. Continue shaking and adding drops of H 2 O 2 until it's done reacting. Red Phosphorus (I will tell you how to make this) Lye *Optional (toluene and HCI gas) Making Red Phosphorus: The striking pad on books of matches is about 50% red phosphorus. It's an important component of plant fertilizers, and it's one of the elements chip manufacturers use to dope silicon to make more efficient semi-conductors. In the first, ammonium sodium hydrogenphosphate is heated to produce sodium phosphite, ammonia and water. It's also one of the ingredients the fictional teacher-turned-drug dealer Walter White used to manufacture methamphetamine. one of the most common allotropes of phosphorus and is considered to be a derivative of the P4 molecule Pour the urine/charcoal dust and cinnamon mixture into a glass retort with a glass tube leading into a second beaker filled with plain water. When you heat sodium phosphite with charcoal, which is essentially carbon, the products are sodium pyrophosphate, carbon monoxide and white phosphorus. It's a buffer that keeps the pH level in your blood balanced. Because of its connection to meth production, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration regulates the sale of red phosphorus in the United States, along with white phosphorus and hypophosphorous acid (H3PO2). Most people get about 800 to 1,200 milligrams (mg) of phosphorus daily from foods like red meat, dairy, chicken, fish, and fortified cereal. Counterintuitively, when mixed with plastics and resins, red phosphorus can also be used as a flame retardant. It is odorless at room temperature. He filled a container with urine and let it stand until it putrified; he then boiled it down into a paste, which he heated to a high temperature. Remember that white phosphorous and its vapors are highly toxic! If you want to make your own phosphorus fertilizer, the easiest way is to make your own bone meal. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Phosphorus also helps your nerves and muscles do their jobs. This is true, and it's also true for animals and plants. The most common method of manufacture of methamphetamine in the United States is the reduction of ephedrine with hydriodic acid and red phosphorus(HI/red P)1. The obvious replacement was red-phosphorus which is less toxic. Obtaining Red Phosphorus From Bone Ash or Rocks Another method used since the late 1700s produces phosphorus from bone ash or rocks. Heated red phosphorus can react with hydrogen to make PH3but Walter only has steam. How do you get phosphorus from urine? After being exposed to light your phosphorous should glow very brightly in the dark for several hours. First, you should allow some urine (preferably your own but I don't judge) to sit in an open container for about a week. Technically, you could make your own red phosphorus. Well, it turns out this combustible material has many uses. Mixed with a binder such as polyvinyl alcohol and a sulfide filler, the red phosphorous is … White is much more reactive than red phosphorus and can be heated to make the red allotrope, which can then be purified with hot water. Red phosphorus is made up of four tetrahedrally grouped phosphorus atoms. It is found as crystalline or amorphous granules, or as pills or powder (Figure 1, A.). The reaction produces phosphoric acid and calcium sulfate. The four phosphorus atoms are arranged in a tetrahedral structure, but subtle variations exist in the bonds holding them together. Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. In this method, you reduce animal or fish bones to ash, or you grind up phosphorus-rich rocks, such as pyromorphite, and treat the ash or powder with sulfuric acid. Appearance: Red phosphorus (Red-P) is a solid at room temperature. Manufacture of methamphetamine from phenyl-2-propanone (P2P) and methylamine yields (±)-methamphetamine, whereas the reduction of(-)-ephedrine or (+)-pseudoephedrine yields (+)-methamphetamine. React RP/I 2:Weigh out your RP and put it into a bottle. These differences account for the higher boiling and melting point of red P, compared to white P, and its lower reactivity. It can be obtained by heating white phosphorus to 250ºC. Do this without breaking the external airlock seal. Larry Parr has been a full-time professional freelance writer for more than 30 years. Since the time of Brandt, newer methods for producing phosphorus have been discovered, but they require much higher temperatures and more sophisticated equipment than the average individual possesses. This article will describe how to make phosphorous the old-fashioned way. Be sure to wear protective clothing, eye protection and a breathing mask. If you allow it to be exposed to the air, it will spontaneously ignite. He was the first to refine phosphorus from urine, and he gave it the name phosphorus (light bearer) because it glowed in the dark. Because of its use in illegal methamphetamine manufacture, it is classified as List I chemical by the DEA. Phosphorus-rich fertilizers are often made using bone ash as a primary ingredient. The key difference between red and white phosphorus is that the red phosphorus appears as dark red colored crystals whereas the white phosphorus exists as a translucent waxy solid that quickly becomes yellow when exposed to light.. Phosphorus is a chemical element that occurs in several different allotropes.The most common allotropes are red and white forms, and these are solid … This method is meant mostly for demonstration purposes. He collected the vapors in water where they condensed into white phosphorus. It wasn't until 1845 that an Austrian chemist, Anton von Schrötter, discovered red phosphorus, a more stable allotrope. The refining procedure involves two reactions. If you are lucky, you can obtain white phosphorous powder on a bottom. o 4 Heat the airtight container to at least 482 degrees F. The white phosphorus will slowly change into red phosphorus. You can find phosphorus in … It can also be obtained by simply exposing white phosphorus to sunlight. This video is for educational purpose only! Heat the retort containing the urine mixture using your torch. Filter out RP: After prefiring add water and shake. Red and white phosphorus are allotropes, with white phosphorus existing as P 4 molecules and red phosphorus as an amorphous network. What Brand produced was actually white phosphorus, which is one of the three main allotropes. He obtained his first sample by heating white phosphorus to a temperature of 250 degrees Celsius (482 F). If you prefer not to work with urine, you can also refine phosphorus from bone ash or phosphorus-rich minerals. Pour the urine/charcoal dust and cinnamon mixture into a glass retort with a glass tube leading into a second beaker filled with plain water. Sprouting seeds and nuts increases the bioavailability of the phosphorus they contain. Brand's process for making white phosphorus was time-consuming. The 15th element in the periodic table, phosphorous (P) was discovered accidentally by alchemist Hennig Brand in 1669. For 25 years he wrote cartoons for television, everything from "Smurfs" to "Spider-Man." He began writing online in 2010, offering information in scientific, cultural and practical topics. In the past red phosphorus was actually made from white phosphorus and the red product was often treated with hot water and steam to help purify it! Red phosphorous is easily obtained from Sigma Aldrich. White or yellow phosphorous should not be removed from its water-base unless you are prepared for it to spontaneously catch fire upon exposure to the air. when wet they attract flies to lay their eggs.Tomatoes need a loose well drained soil in a sunny location. As a List I chemical, companies are required by law to report any suspicious activity … Dig a trench 2 feet deep and lay wood inside. In the body, phosphate is … The color varies from orange-red, to violet, dark red-purple, or dark reddish brown. Plants also need phosphorus to make them strong and resistant to disease. Extracting Red Phosphorus From Fertilizer if your fertilizer is derived from bat guano feather tankage blood meal or a product called ?poultry by products? It's a primary ingredient in fireworks and flares, and it's the main ingredient in strike-anywhere matches and in striking plates for safety matches. Be sure to wear protective clothing, eye protection and a breathing mask. It also has uses that aren't related to its combustibility. As far as human beings are concerned, phosphorus is important in the formation of bones and teeth, it's needed for the body to manufacture proteins and it's a key component in the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which the body uses for energy. The degradation from white to red phosphorus can happen spontaneously at room temperature, but it takes much longer. P4+ 3NaOH + 3H2O → 3NaH2PO2+ PH3 White phosphorus is much more reactive than red phosphorus. These regulations also affect importation, so if you're living in the United States, importation may be illegal, depending on your purpose. White phosphorous is toxic and must be kept underwater. Today Parr train dogs and write articles on a variety of topics for websites worldwide. Heat the retort containing the urine mixture using your torch. However, the European Chemical Agency estimates that 1,000 to 10,000 tons of phosphorus are manufactured each year for use in industry, so there is plenty out there to be had. Bomb. In this method, you reduce animal or fish bones to ash, or you grind up phosphorus-rich rocks, such as pyromorphite, and treat the ash or powder with sulfuric acid. You can get small amounts of phosphorus from whole-grain bread and cereal, nuts, seeds and chocolate. You can actually purchase red phosphorus online, although your source is likely to be located in China or some other part of Asia. Over time your white phosphorous will change into a red phosphorous if left in your water-filled beaker. Drug Enforcement Administration: Rules – 2001, Healthline: Top 12 Foods That Are High in Phosphorus. A concentrated form of the acid is combined with a certain type of charcoal over flame to distill white phosphorus. Red phosphorus lye Many of the chemicals and ingredients used to make the crystal meth or methamphetamine recipe at home are corrosive to the teeth and gums which causes 'meth mouth' or … Red-P is not volatile. Do not expose it to the air or it may ignite spontaneously. Keep it in a room away from people. However the ignition temperature is much higher (260 °C compared to 30 °C for white phosphorus). The main food sources of phosphorus are milk and meat – specifically chicken, pork and organ meats. In this video I demonstrate how to produce white phosphorus from household materials. To obtain red P, you must heat the white P obtained in this process and hold the temperature constant for an extended period. Add (dropwise) H 2 O 2 when not reacting. Once it has changed into a red color it should be more stable in the air but still needs to be handled with care.

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