carolina basswood range

Carolina Basswood was once quite extensive in its range, but now it occurs in only about seven or eight counties in central Texas, where it grows in the rich, deep moist soils of river bottoms, and also in the Pineywoods of east Texas, where it occurs on stream banks, hillsides and upland flats. It reaches heights This plant has no children Legal Status. Its other common name is American Linden. Central Quebec, Southeast Manitoba, Northeastern America. Basswood is a very attractive tree, forming a pyramidal shape. Piedmont and southern Coastal Plain. The twigs are green to Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. (1999). pulp, woodenware, furniture, trunk frames, and many other products. Its leaves are somewhat Native Range. Stately basswood trees range from 60 to 120 feet tall with shallowly-furrowed, somewhat greyish bark and round crowns. A dry, 1 to 2-seeded nutlet, 0.25" in diameter, covered with short, thick, gray-brown wool, attached in loose clusters to the leaf-like bract, which acts as a wing to bear the fruit away in the wind. It remains attached in clusters to the leafy bract, which Color Range Creamy white to very light brown. Habitats: Rich, often moist, soils of woods and bottomlands, often forming pure stands[82, 227]. Interpreting Wetland Status. The name "basswood" comes from the fibrous inner bark that native Americans and early settlers derived by soaking the bark in water to soften the "bast" fibers used to make rope or twine. The basswood grows chiefly in the mountains, The surfaces range from smooth on Home Country. They are especially hardy, tolerant of alkaline soils, visited by few destructive insects and exhibit a natural, pyramidal shape that requires little pruning. are deep, moist and fertile, but it often is found on rocky Interpreting Wetland Status. caroliniana) prefers the warmer climate of the Southern states and Texas, USDA zones 7 through … American basswood also is known as American linden, white-wood, Ontario, Europe, Northeastern United States. top and bottom to densely hairy on the lower surface. Grows best in rich moist woods, or in dense hummocks by streams in the south of its range. American basswood ranges from southwestern New Brunswick and New England west in Quebec and Ontario to the southeast corner of Manitoba; south through eastern North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas to northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina; and northeast to New Jersey. long, thin and saw-toothed. smaller than those of American basswood, and they are densely There are thirty species in North America with Tilia Americana and Tilia caroliniana … Funding provided in part by Institute American basswood ranges from southwestern New Brunswick and New England west in Quebec and Ontario to the southeast corner of Manitoba; south through eastern North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas to northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina; and northeast to New Jersey. Range: South-eastern N. America - Virginia to Florida, west to Texas. American basswood is used in the manufacture of Common names include American basswood, American linden and bee-tree and the tree is a member of the plant family Tiliaceae . The bark on young trees ranges from green to grayish green, Distribution The natural range of American basswood is from southwestern New Brunswick to central Quebec, Ontario and southeast Manitoba, south to eastern North Dakota and northeastern Oklahoma to northern Arkansas and Tennessee, east to North Carolina, and north to Pennsylvania and New Jersey. later acts as wing when it is carried away by the wind. Wetland Status. For other uses, see Basswood (disambiguation). Light, soft, tough, not durable, with pale sapwood and a light brown heartwood. Carolina Basswood: Family: Tiliaceae: USDA hardiness: 6-9: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Grows best in rich moist woods, or in dense hummocks by streams in the south of its range[229]. contains two seeds and is covered with a thick, reddish-brown Basswood is a long-lived, fast-growing tree, and has been known to reach heights of 140 feet. caroliniana Carolina basswood Tilia americana var. Region. It grows in loam soils rich in nitrogen and comprises mixed hardwood forests across this region. http://texastreeid.tamu.edu/, Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices. basswood grows best in coves or bottomland sites where the soils Carolina basswood grows rarely on well-drained soils in the ... Can be painted, stained, and finished without difficulty." heterophylla) - white basswood (Little 1971) Torreya californica - … of 70 to 80 feet or more and diameters of 2 to 3 feet. of a pea. The name basswood came from a use made by native Americans of using its fibrous, tough inner bark or "bast" for making cords, thongs and ropes. basswood, American lime, American linden, Basswood, Beetree, Beetree linden, Carolina linden, Florida basswood, Florida linden, Limetree, Linden, Linn, White basswood ... . slopes. heterophylla American basswood Legal Status. Tiliaceae -- Basswood family. Simple, alternate, 3" to 6" long and 2" to 3.5" wide, generally heart-shaped, leaf base uneven or lopsided, and leaf margin sharp-toothed; veins begin to branch towards the leaf margin; leaves thin, smooth and shiny green on top, lighter beneath, sometimes with light pubescence. The Carolina basswood (Tilia americana var. red and grow in a zigzag fashion. Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices Carolina basswood - Tilia caroliniana Native Range Border Related Maps. linn or beetree. American Basswood, Lime, Linden, Carolina Basswood, White Basswood. White basswood (Tilia heterophylla) is a mediumsized tree of the upper Piedmont region and the Appalachian Mountains where it grows on moist, welldrained soils in coves or along mountain streams with other hardwoods.Its growth is moderately fast and it produces commercially valuable lumber. © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Texas A&M Forest Service - All rights reserved, Member Texas A&M System A tea is made from the flowers. The native range extends from Canada's Manitoba and New Brunswick southward to the Ozarks and southern Appalachians in the United States. Linden trees, sometimes called basswood or lime tree, are an excellent choice for the urban landscape. The flowers Related Links. Links to PDFs of Little's maps and FEIS Species Reviews are provided in the table below. A favorite of honey bees, the 0.5" wide, fragrant, white flowers are borne in late spring in clusters on a long flower stalk that is attached to a papery, leaf-like bract. The Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; American Basswood, Carolina basswood, Basswood, AmericanBasswood, American Linden: Family: Tiliaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-9: Known Hazards: Frequent consumption of the tea made from the flowers may cause heart damage[222]. American basswood Tilia americana var. They hang suspended in clusters from a stalk that Tilia heterophylla Vent.. White Basswood. not durable. The white basswood (T. heterophylla) occurs in the eastern United States, while the ranges of the Carolina basswood (T. caroliniana) and Florida basswood (T. floridana) are the southeastern coastal plain of the United States. A large tree to 70 feet tall and a trunk 2 to 3 feet in diameter, with many small, curving branches along the trunk that form a dense oval or rounded crown. It has been used for furniture stock, pulp, frames for bee honeycombs, artists' charcoal, piano keys, and is favored by woodcarvers because it does not warp or split; the flowers produce an excellent, light-colored honey. Basswood ranges from Maine to North Dakota, south to Oklahoma and Virginia, as well as in the higher elevation Appalachian Mountains in Tennessee and North Carolina. Each fruit Occurs on moist soils of river and creek bottoms in East Texas, as well as a few counties in Central Texas. Plant Specifics and Florida basswood (T. floridana Small) are more restricted in their botanical range and contribute little, if any, to the commercial importance of basswood. Not as good a carving wood but useful for making boxes, etc. Edible parts of Carolina Basswood: Young leaves - raw. North American distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. 3.White Basswood (Tilia heterophylla Vent) The range of this tree is generally throughout the Appalachian area with scattered populations into Southern Missouri, Ohio and Pennsylvania. The American basswood (Tilia americana) is the only member of the genus Tilia native to Iowa. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. The natural range of American basswood is from southwestern New Brunswick to central Quebec, Ontario and southeast Manitoba, south to eastern North Dakota and northeastern Oklahoma to northern Arkansas and Tennessee, east to North Carolina, and north to Pennsylvania and New Jersey. to the middle of a long, narrow, leaf-like bract. They were compiled mostly by Little (see References below) and digitized by Thompson et al. Background This FEIS document provides maps of the ranges of tree species in North America. American > Resources > North Carolina Trees > American Basswood. The leaves are heart-shaped, uneven at the base, 3 to 6 inches The heartwood ranges in color from creamy-white to pale pinkish-brown. Growth Habit. Fast-growing and deciduous, basswood trees generally reach a mature height of 65 to 70 feet, growing about 24 inches per season. Taxonomy and Species Range The scientific name of basswood is Tilia americana and is pronounced TILL-ee-uh uh-mair-ih-KAY-nuh. American basswood (Tilia americana) has larger, hairless leaves and may occur in northeast Texas; red mulberry (Morus rubra) has larger leaves, some with mitten-like lobes. Carolina Basswood is generally a smaller tree and considered not very useful as a carving wood. Basswood may grow up to heights of 120 feet with a diameter of almost 5 feet. The Tree. Pioneers dubbed it "bastwood" leading to its common name of today. Timothy LaFarge. Light brown or gray, with flattened ridges separated by shallow furrows. "Basswood is the wood of choice for many wood carvers. Carolina basswood grows rarely on well-drained soils in the Piedmont and southern Coastal Plain. Basswood, American Linden, Bee Tree Malvaceae. Its leaves are somewhat smaller than those of American basswood, and they are densely covered with grayish or brownish hairs. Map Legend. The light cream colored wood is lightweight, soft, tough but Also known as Tilia caroliniana, Tilia heterophylla. fuzz. The flower stem is attached GENERAL DISTRIBUTION: The native range of American basswood extends from southwestern New Brunswick and Maine west to southern Quebec, southern and western Ontario, Michigan, Minnesota, and southeastern Manitoba; south to eastern North Dakota, northern and eastern Nebraska, eastern Kansas, and northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina, and New Jersey . Maps of the ranges of tree species in North America compiled by Elbert Little, of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, and others ... - Carolina basswood (Little 1977) Tilia heterophylla (americana var. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. of Museum and Library Services. covered with grayish or brownish hairs. – Carolina basswood Subordinate Taxa. later breaking up into narrow ridges. Wetland Status. clusters that open in early summer. Plant and Tree Range Distribution Maps; Tilia caroliniana Map ; Tilia caroliniana - Carolina basswood Range Map. are very fragrant and bees use them to make choice-grade honey. Simple, alternate, 3" to 6" long and 2" to 3.5" wide, generally heart-shaped, leaf base uneven or lopsided, and leaf margin sharp-toothed; veins begin to branch towards the leaf margin; leaves thin, smooth and shiny green on top, lighter beneath, sometimes with light pubescence. Tilia caroliniana - Carolina basswood Native Range Map Tilia heterophylla - White basswood Native Range Map Toxicodendron vernix - Poison sumac Native Range Map Basswood is native to east-central North America. Carolina basswood (T. caroliniana Mill.) American basswood flowers are yellowish-white and hang in drooping SUPPLY In 1963 the net volume of basswood growing stock in the United States was estimated at … of Museum and Library Services, Institute is attached to a paper-thin, strap-shaped bract. Range The fruits are hard and rounded, and they are about the size Tilia americana is a species of tree in the family Malvaceae, native to eastern North America, from southeast Manitoba east to New Brunswick, southwest to northeast Oklahoma, southeast to South Carolina, and west along the Niobrara River to Cherry County, Nebraska. The flowers are fragrant, hanging in white clusters from a stalk attached to a leafy bract. where it is a common and valuable timber tree. Stalk attached to the middle of a long, narrow, leaf-like bract loam soils rich in nitrogen and mixed... The wind generally reach a mature height of 65 to 70 feet, growing about 24 inches per season without. Mixed hardwood forests across this region ( Tilia americana and is pronounced TILL-ee-uh uh-mair-ih-KAY-nuh part! Plants and ecosystems to 70 feet, growing about 24 inches per season plant Tiliaceae. River and creek bottoms in East Texas, as well as Zoomify images of characteristics... 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